Indonesian society consists of different races, ethnicities, cultures, religions, and languages. This diversity creates a variety of growing and evolving cultural heritage. Cultural heritage is a complete cultural heritage of historical, scientific, technical and/or artistic significance. This culture is shared throughout the society and is maintained through development from generation to generation.
In 2003, Indonesia ratified the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and had to register all of its culture in an effort to protect and preserve it. At the conference, some of Indonesia’s cultural heritage was included in the intangible cultural heritage. In other words, this cultural heritage lives with a philosophical component, the nature of which can fade and disappear with time. Examples include language, music, dance, ceremonies, and many other organized actions.
Indonesia has established a list of intangible cultural heritage from data from the Ministry of Education and Culture. As of 2020, a total of 9,770 records of cultural heritage have been registered, of which 1,086 are classified as intangible cultural heritage. The following are Indonesian cultural characteristics defined by the government.
1. Togepan Yabongan
Toge Panyapungan is a typical and original Indonesian culture in the form of food from the city of Panyapungan in North Sumatra. Initially, this food was served in the afternoon before fasting. This food is typical of the people of Mandarin because it tastes sweet and is suitable for quenching thirst.
Now, Panyapungan thistles can easily be found in the city of Panyapungan, even outside the holy month of Ramadan. This dish is easy to find when visiting or passing through the city at traditional markets such as Pasar Lama and Pasar Baru Banyabongan. Panyapungan toge is a popular Mandairin dish for most people. The ingredients consist of a mixture of ruby, black pluto, tapirot petit, small balls of salmon sized (candero) with coconut milk sauce, and palm sugar dissolved in a mixture of pandan leaves. During Ramadan, many of these grocery stores are located not only in the traditional markets, but also along the roads of Banyabongan.
2. Pencak Silat
Pencak silat is known as a type of martial art. This Indonesian culture is passed down from generation to generation. In addition to the sports aspect, the Pencak silat tradition also includes the spiritual, spiritual, self-defense and art aspects. The term “Pencak” is well known in Java, while the term “Sirat” or “Silek” is well known in West Sumatra and refers to a group of martial arts with many similarities.
In addition to using local terms, each region has its own movements, styles, musical accompaniments, and supporting equipment. The movement and style of Pencak silat are strongly influenced by various artistic elements. Movement and power are a sense of the unity of body movements (Wilaga), sensations (Wilasa), and movements accompanying music (Wilama). Pencak silat support equipment includes costumes, musical instruments, and traditional weapons. Pencak silat practitioners are taught to maintain relationships with God, humans, and nature. These practitioners are also trained in different techniques for dealing with assaults and other dangerous situations based on the principle of protecting themselves and others, not harming offenders, and building friendships.
The cultural meaning of Pencak silat, which is closely related to the personal identity of each university and each member, varies. The choice of accompaniment, such as the instrument, the type of music, the story and the costume, is very important in the development of her personal identity.
3. Peacock Sunda Dance
The Peacock Dance is an Indonesian culture in the form of a traditional Sunda dance from Bandung, West Java. Its originator was Raden Tjetje Somantri in 1955. This dance movement is a development of the Sunda dance style inspired by the movement of a male peacock.
Initially, the creation of this dance was intended to entertain the representatives of the Bandung Congress at the reception held in Bandung in 1955. After the death of Tjetje Somantri in 1963, Irawati Durban treated the dances as a student to complete the arrangement of the Peacock Dance. Today, the Sunda Peacock dance is not just a performance art performed on stage, but is often part of a procession of various rituals. In addition to large-scale ritual activities, the Sunda Peacock dance has been performed at the Mabag Wedding Parade since 1988.
Guban Dance is an Indonesian culture in the form of a traditional dance from the Malay community of Asahan, North Sumatra. The function of this dance is tailored to your needs. Once upon a time, Gubandance served as a means of communicating with children.
Djinn (a magical item) is a type of ritual that summons the wind for the activities of hunters. In addition to these features, the Gubandance is an entertaining dance as a means of relaxation for coastal dwellers after sailing the high seas with a variety of challenges. Over time, Gubandance’s post has grown. When this dance began to be performed, its main function was to entertain the fishing community. It also helps to welcome guests to traditional local festivities such as ceremonies, weddings, welcomes and treatments.
5. Doug Dylan
Dagdiran is an Indonesian culture that began in 1881 in the city of Semarang in Central Java. At that time, the regent of Kyai Raden Mas Tumengun (KRMT) Parbaningrat developed the tradition in the form of a procession to welcome the advent of Ramadan or the month of fasting. Just a day before Ramadan, the community beat the drums of the Grand Cayman Mosque, followed by the cannons in the Kanjangan district pavilion. Drums make a “dagger” sound, and cannons make repeated “daring” sounds, so that’s Doug Dylan’s term. This tradition still exists with the aim of bringing people together in an atmosphere of joy, unity, interaction and random welcome. In addition, Dagdiran clearly and at the same time marks the beginning of Ramadan.
procession is made
The traditional Dagderan has three agendas: the night market, the announcement of the start of Lent, and the Warakungendock Cultural Carnival. The Three Agendas are now one unit of Doug Dylan’s tradition.
Lumban can be interpreted as a rivalry, the Indonesian culture in the Jepara region of Central Java. In this cultural activity, people enjoy playing in the sea. Some residents say that the word “Lombán” comes from the words “Lombán” or “enjoyment”. According to him, the Lumban tradition existed even before Islam entered the archipelago. He did not deny whether the tradition was originally in honor of the sea god or the ruler of the sea. But since Islam entered the tradition, it turned into an Islamic breath. It contains prayer and thanksgiving to God for His abundant nourishment.
The Lumban Festival is the culmination of the Shawwal week which takes place eight days in Shawwal or a week after Eid al-Fitr. This event is what Jepara residents have been waiting for.
Lumbang party is often referred to as budokpat, as all Jepara people celebrate it by enjoying ketsubat dishes with opor and fried chili. The Jepara people consider this party a sacred annual ritual because the fishermen thanked God for giving him strong spiritual strength to return to the sea and earn a living. ..